The town of Hanover in York County, Pennsylvania was laid out in 1763 around a hub of five radiating streets which led to towns and cities in southern Pennsylvania and in Maryland (Abbottstown, Baltimore, Carlisle, Frederick, and York). This lucrative location at the prominent center of commerce provided goods and services to scores of travelers.
Railroads brought further economic well-being to the town and its prominence as a trade center increased. Industries anxious to take advantage of this profitable access to outlying markets began to locate along the railroad tracks in northern Hanover. This economic boom prompted railroad activity and Hanover entered into its most prolific period of building construction during the late-nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
As a continued hub of industry, it is the second-largest and second-wealthiest town in York County, and is continuously growing. As of 2012, there were 15,289 residents living within the 3.7 square miles encompassed by the Borough. With consistent growth and development, many new neighborhoods as well as commercial areas surrounding the downtown continue to be built and expand the Hanover community.